Help Women Gain Equality in Law and in Society

Women do not want to be treated in a special way, they don’t way special rights; they just want the same rights that men enjoy around the world. On all 5 continents of the world, women struggle every day under the burden of discrimination. Women face discrimination in education, in the workplace and in society in general. They are denied basic human rights in many places. These shackles are placed on women in the name of ‘tradition’, ‘culture’, ‘the law’ and ‘religion’.

Such justifications for treating women as second class citizens are clearly ahistorical because they assume that culture does not change. All traditions change over time. Oppressions start at a specific date in the past, and they will surely stop sometime in the future. All the great religious and political leaders in history sought to bring change to the mainstream ways of thinking: Gandhi, Martin Luther King; even Jesus and Mohammed challenged orthodoxy. We the International Council of Women also seek change. We want women to enjoy the same civil rights as men.

Here is a brief list of discrimination against women in the world:

  • Lebanese women married to foreign nationals cannot pass on their nationality rights to their children or spouses. Thus, the husband of a Lebanese woman who is not Lebanese cannot gain an automatic spouse visa to work in the Lebanon.
  • At present there is no law in America stopping young girls being taken out of the country and being subjected to female genital mutilation (FGM). This is a serious issue in several places in the world where a girl’s genitals are sewn up to guarantee their virginity on their wedding day. This operation is often done with unsterilized equipment and leads to infertility or serious infection.
  • Women in Saudi Arabia are not permitted to drive. Many women have protested this discrimination by illegally driving and filming their actions. Those women caught could be punished with flogging.
  • Girls in Saudi Arabia are sent to sex segregated schools where they receive an inferior education to boys. Under the male guardianship system in Saudi Arabia women must have forms signed by their male guardian before they are able to study abroad. Thus, women are completely at the mercy of men when it comes to their education.
  • Girls in Saudi Arabia have no rights to refuse marriage in the country. It is common practice for the male guardian to marry off girls as young as 12 to old men for financial gain.
  • In Iran, women can still be stoned to death for adultery. Naturally (or unnaturally) the same law does not apply to adulterous men.
  • According to a UN report there are 12.3 million adults and children in forced labor and forced sexual servitude. More than half of the people in the above figure are women and children. 79% of human trafficking cases involve sexual exploitation.
  • In Chile, when a woman marries she automatically forfeits her rights to any property she has inherited.
  • Despite the new Afghanistan constitution which gives women equal rights to men, in many areas of the country Sharia law exists that prohibits a woman from leaving the house unaccompanied by a male relative.
  • In Japan, an 18 year old man may marry a 16 year old woman, but not vice versa. Furthermore, a woman in Japan may not remarry until 6 months have passed since the dissolution of the last marriage. No such law applies to men.
  • In China, women are prevented by law from doing jobs that are labeled as ‘Grade IV physical labor intensity’ despite Article 48 of the Constitution of China which grants women equality with men in all spheres of life.
  • In the USA a person born out of wedlock and out of the USA can only gain automatic American citizenship if the father is American, not if the mother is American.

These are just a few brief examples of the injustices women face. Most of the examples are of discrimination founded within the law. This discrimination is not confined to developing countries or to extreme religious positions. That Japan and America have not repealed clearly sexist laws reveals a lot about the inherent patriarchal values that still dominate the status quo in those countries.

We must challenge leaders to change unfair laws that discriminate against women. We must lobby governments to do more to stop the sex tourist trade that fuels human trafficking and bonded sexual slavery.

We must start dialogues with communities that still practice FGM and protect girls from being kidnapped and subjected to this mutilation.

We must set up support groups to give adolescent girls a means of escaping childhood marriages; and men must be shamed into stopping the exploitation of female members of their family for financial gain.

What is required is an international effort to bring to light cases of abuse against women. Peaceful demonstrations and petitions must be organized to ameliorate the inherent sexism in many laws. Although constitutions around the world talk of the equality of men and women, particular laws contradict this aim.

The articles contained in icw-cif.org are about equality, about the sexism inherent in laws and cultural practices. It is only by making more people aware of the issues that the cause of justice can be moved forward.

Do We Have Equality? Not at the Top

Many people are suggesting that the battle for equality is already won, but the reality is we are far from that victory. Sure there have been some amazing advances and in many areas, there is little evidence of blatant inequality, but it’s still there at the higher echelons of society in particular.

It’s just over 50 years now from the time that Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman in outer space. She was a member of the Soviet Union’s Vostok mission in 1963. It was just over two years from the time that Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space. Of course there was bound to be a gap, there are more male astronauts, two years sounds about right for parity given the circumstances. However it took another 20 years for the next female to travel into space, and to date there are only about 10% of astronauts who are female.

Of course we shouldn’t get too carried away after all it can be argued that there are some physical restrictions on this particular vocation. Many women will probably lack the strength and stamina for the physical demands placed on the body during space travel. However the alarming fact is that this seems to still happen in many other areas of life, involving professions where there are no such physical restrictions.

There’s no need to delve into the facts and figures of appointments of CEOs and board level females, in nearly every situation you’ll find women under represented at this level. When an appointment is made of a high level job, if it happens to be a woman – you’ll see it hit the news. Recent appointments included Inga Beale at Lloyds of London, – the first female boss in the insurance giant’s history.

In the public utility area, perhaps an industry you’d expect to be less dominated by males, the appointment of LIz Garfield as water giant Severn Trent certainly surprised many. She is only one of three women who are in charge of a FTSE 100 company which in itself tells it’s own story. There are many other examples, if you look at almost any industry sector you’ll find a similar story, gender equality simply doesn’t exist at the top levels of most industries.

One area that you may have expected more evidence of equality is in the media and it has to be said that you’ll certainly find more women at the top levels than in many other sectors. Yet it’s still male dominated, I was watching British TV and media online (using this method – http://iplayerusa.org/ and it’s still unusual to see a woman in charge although the UK is often seen as a front runner in women’s rights and equality.

Joanne Cawley
Editor www.dnsproxy.co.uk

Inequality in UK Professional Kitchens

It’s often a derogatory comment – that a women’s place is in the kitchen, but in reality the statement actually highlights yet another example of gender inequality. This time it’s illustrated in the food industry and how it works.

Last month the Office for National Statistics released some figures that might amaze some people. They showed that there are about 187,000 people working as chefs in professional kitchens in the United Kingdom but less than 20% of them are women. But that’s not all if you start to look closer at the figures and focus perhaps on the top level of restaurants who have been awarded the Michelin star – 169, only 8 had female chefs in charge of those kitchens.

In a supposed age of equality in the UK, it just doesn’t seem right – the number of top female chefs seems a strange anomaly. It’s not right across the food industry, as many of the biggest food businesses have women in charge or at least prominent positions. But if you look around the kitchens of restaurants in the United Kingdom you’ll find a male dominated environment. It’s hard to imagine as you settle down to watch Masterchef – where women seem to be represented in much higher figures, incidentally if you need access to the BBC iPlayer abroad to watch this show – I recommend this.

So why in an area traditionally popular with women, aren’t there more top female chefs? Well anyone who has worked in the industry will likely have more of an idea. There is definitely an element of sexism in many professional kitchens but it’s also long, hard and tiring work. The long hours particularly make it difficult for anyone with a family to rise through the ranks.

Most chefs start in the pastry sections of kitchens but have to get experience in all areas to become a head chef. It takes a lot of time and effort, and the work can be physically demanding. Women often find themselves falling back down the ladder if they take time off for children or their families.
It is changing though, cookery shows are all over our TV screens and many women are becoming attracted as a career option. It is hoped that an influx of women will change the dynamics of the kitchen and allow more females to break into the industry.

More information here on watching UK TV

Only Straight Allowed in Nintendo Game

There are many virtual life games on the market, with one of the most famous probably The Sims.  Over the years the manufacturers of these games have come under increasing pressure to allow players to adopt a ‘gay’ lifestyle within them.  The call for this option has become louder and louder over the years, and seems to be culminating in a huge social media campaign before the release of a new sim game called Tomodachi Life.

The publisher is the electronics giant Nintendo, and currently it is resisting pressure to add a ‘gay’ option to it’s game.  The social media blast being launched by fans is seeking ‘virtual equality’ for gay games players.   The game is after all modeled on real characters so it’s not surprising that ‘gay’ gamers would seek this option in the game too.   After all why shouldn’t you be allowed to follow your life role on your iPad or DS when relaxing too.  Many people arguably spend a huge proportion of their life on electronic devices anyway – check this video about how you can change your virtual nationality on an iPad using a VPN.

ipad-game
It’s put the company in quite an awkward situation, certainly introducing the option for a gay character selection would leave it open to probably bigger complaints from all sorts of organisations and sectors of society. Not surprisingly Nintendo are trying to reinforce the message that Tomodachi Life is nothing more than a game rather than any sort of real -life simulation.

Nintendo never intended to make any form of social commentary with the launch of Tomodachi Life

A company spokesman explained, adding that it did not seek to make any sort of social commentary, merely supply fun and entertainment through a quirky game. The game has been a huge hit in Japan where it was released earlier in the year with an estimated 1.8 million sales.
For further help on setting up a VPN on your IPad – UK VPN.

Gender Equality – Women Cocoa Farmers

It may surprise you, that in Ghana female cocoa farmers earn about 75% of their male counterparts.  If we look at the nearby Cote D’Ivorie, female cocoa workers can earn even less – sometimes as little as 30% of the male workers.   For the self employed the women all struggle with lower farm productivity mainly due to the lack of access to finance and assistance with productivity.  It’s very much a long was from any sort of level playing field but  hopefully an issue that is about to be addressed.

Mondelez International have just released plans to help address this inequality and provide some assistance to the female workers in the two largest cocoa growing countries.  They seek to establish some sort of gender equality in these communities, something that outside experts feel is essential for the community to prosper.  This is the reality, gender inequality doesn’t create extra wealth for the beneficiaries i.e male cocoa workers.  It creates an unbalanced and inefficient economy, disparities like this often end up driving down prices for all men and women.

The plans include an extensive education program – specifically designed to empower women in the communities.  Improving their access to finance, improving business skills and encouraging literacy programs specifically targeted towards women.  Other areas that are being addresses are to encourage gender awareness in district and national institutions linked to the communities.

  •  Integrate gender awareness among Cocoa Life program leaders at all levels; incorporate the perspective of female farmers in program design and implementation; and use local cocoa platforms to promote gender goals
  •  Set clear gender-equity targets for Cocoa Life following baseline survey work in 2014
  • Establish criteria to guarantee women’s involvement in training and access to finance to help ensure women are benefiting equally from Cocoa Life, even when the participating household farmer is male
  • Tailor interventions to address gender gaps in areas such as training topics, materials and methods as well as in Cocoa Life’s Livelihoods and Community focus areas

These are some the specific targets for the cocoa industry in Cote d’Ivoire where arguably the worse inequality exists.   The outlook is certainly more positive and there is increasing commercial pressure to act on this situation.  Many organisations particularly in Europe and specifically from France and the UK (report here)

Technical Source: here.

 

Is Contract Compliance the Right Career for You?

Contract Compliance is one of the hottest fields within finance and accounting right now. It is also going to continue to grow over the next 10-20 years. I wanted to tell you a little more about this field and how you as a College student and Women can prepare yourself to enter this field. First let me describe a little more about what is contract compliance and audit recovery. 

Contract compliance is neccessary any time a company hires (or is hired) to perform a service. When a company provides a service they usually bill the hiring company. There are cases where the hired company will over bill or attempt to collect additional money from the hiring company. This is where contract compliance accountants help out. Their job is to go through the different contracts a company has out and make sure everything is being billed correctly. If there are over charges or fradulents billings they work with both companies to remedy the situation. Therefore an audit recovery expert needs to understand many facets of accounting and finance.

You can prepare yourself today by studying the lastest trends around this topic. I would start with reading the contract compliance website Altitude Recovery and Collarbus. They both have great insights into the field. You could then begin to learn more with reading some cases studies and asking your accounting teacher to teach you more about the subject. By following all these steps you can be sure you will be in the right place at the right time when you graduate.

Equal Opportunities For Men And Women

Gender discrimination is actually not new to hear. Since from the past, we have been heard the topic about gender discrimination. Once you read about how the society works from the past, you will find out some interesting facts. Indeed, gender discrimination is one of the trending news from the past. You will then read about how men discriminate women. They look down the capabilities and capacities of women. They think that women are for home only and never have to work for income. It is true that men from the past work for a living unlike women. Women were just left at home to take care of their children. Gender discrimination becomes interesting topic since there are women who are able to do several works compared to men. Did you know that women are flexible and can do multi-tasking? Let us cite some example like a women can be a driver and works household chores. Do you think men can drive, goes home and do the household chores? Also, there are lots of men’s works that women are capable of doing as well.  

From the fact that women can do multi-tasking, you are able to learn more about it from several sources. Perl can explain lots of ideas how gender discrimination affects equal opportunities. It is a sad part that there are other people badly thinks that women are only at home. Perl explains that equal opportunities must be permitted in the society today. Quite a lot of women are flexible and can do multi-tasking. Another thing, most offices practiced not equal opportunities like they do favoritism. The term equal opportunities are a term broadly utilized in explaining the rights of any citizen to acquire equal chances in the case of employment. Without any discrimination of religion, gender, age, ethnicity or any mental or physical disability must be practiced and law must be implemented for this concern. Several factors that can be taken into account when choosing an application are the capability, performance, qualification and experience of the applicant. In an organization, equal opportunities must be experienced to all the employees. Also, applicants must experience equal opportunities when hired.

Perl is legal for any organization to build up a strong policy to equal opportunities. Also, once you are employed, as an employee, you have to experience equal opportunities to other co-workers. If they have the chance to be promoted into the organization then you as well, as being part of the organization has the chance to get promoted. Also, salary increase must also be experienced to all the employees. It is not right if your company don’t allow you to get promoted. Therefore, you need to read the organization’s rules and policies before you sign any contract. This will make you aware on the equal opportunities you have from any other employees in the company. Once your co-workers enjoy salary increase and promotion, then you can also experience this in the future depending on your performance in the organization. Perl will teach you and let you aware on equal opportunities. 

Source:

http://www.perlcritic.org

 

 

 

Don’t Use Sorcery in Saudi Arabia

No seriously don’t, if you want to cast spells, curses and fly around on broomsticks then you’d better not do it in Saudi Arabia as they’re very strict on that sort of thing.    When you look at the towering skyscrapers, the luxury hotels and the opulence on every corner, it’s difficult to believe that although behind this modern and progressive facade lies an almost medieval sense of justice.

IT’s a funny sketch taken from a Monty Python film from a couple of decades ago, on the trial of a witch, it doesn’t seem that far from the truth in Saudi. There are several maids for example who are on death row in Saudi prisons for the crime of – ‘casting a magic spell on her employer and family’. One such maid was recently pardoned by King Abdullah, presumably on the grounds that it was completely mad.

There’s still plenty of people stuck in there under a variety of stupid charges that would probably fill a couple of more Monty Python films – stuff like sorcery, witchcraft and casting spells. It’s obviously a concern that such a kingdom controls much of the world’s oil supplies, don’t you think?

Domestic workers in Saudi are often treated very badly and presumably these dark age criminal charges are an extension of this. Human rights researchers have spoken of stories of abuse, beatings, torture and horrible mistreatment which occur routinely. There are between one and two million domestic workers in Saudi Arabia and most are completely reliant on their employers. Many are treated little better than slaves, because their visas are normally tied to their employers under a system called kafala. It means that the workers have little rights, as they are often completely dependent on their employers.

If you are in Saudi Arabia, you’ll also find you have limited access to various websites which you may normally  use quite frequently.  If you’re blocked by the location of your IP address or a content filter then this will help – useful video, but you will need normally to use the encrypted mode to bypass the packet inspection commonly found in Saudi ISPs.

If you need access to a specific site then you may have to allow for other restrictions above and beyond the Saudi blocks, for example to watch the BBC News on iPlayer you’ll need a UK  IP Address, check the other link out for details.

Cao Shunli Dies After Being Denied Medical Help

Sad news that the human rights activist Cao Shunli has died after being denied medical treatment by security agents working for the Chinese state.  Cao was initially detained by the authorities last year when she took part in  a two month sit in at the foreign ministry.  Their aim for that protest was to push the authorities into allowing some public involvement in a supposed national review of human rights in China.

The details of her death are a little unclear but her brother received a phone call last week, he arrived at the hospital an hour later but she was already gone.  The hospital is preventing any family or lawyers have access to the body currently.  She had numerous health complaints that needed constant treatment such as TB, liver disease and fibroids.

cao-shunli-dies1

Cao was detained at Beijing airport before travelling to a human rights training program in Switzerland.   A few weeks later she was arrested on the charges of ‘suspicion of picking quarrels and provoking trouble’.   This led to her incarceration in a detention center where she was denied access to medical treatment for her conditions.  The lack of medical attention obviously caused her overall condition to deteriorate over the last few months of her life.

Human rights organisations have been protesting throughout the world.  Sophie Richardson from the Human Rights Watch -

“It’s just horrific there’s no other way of describing this.”

 

Just remember this is a modern country detaining and denying medical treatment to a human rights activist. She was effectively killed by denying her the basic human rights of medical treatment, the whole episode demonstrates how barbaric the Chinese state are when dealing with any opposition of any kind. Many activists in the country protest at huge risk to themselves having to be extremely careful in their daily lives. Most for example use secure proxies to access foreign media like UK and US TV like this video demonstrates, using encrypted settings to prevent interception and logging at the packet level.

It is pretty much a way of life for ordinary Chinese to use these proxies and VPNs in order to access ordinary sites like Facebook and Youtube that are not accessible in China – the following link – download,allows access to a demo version that will allow access to Facebook in China for example.

Gender Violence Surprise in Scandinavian Countries

The European continent was understood for the publicity of social programmes and strides made with reference to gender equality. Yet, according to a fresh report, an amazing one in three girls in the E.U. has documented some kind of mistreatment. Nordic nations, well-known for being ahead-believing, report the worst in violence against females, as shown by a fresh survey.

Fifty-two-percent of Danish girls interviewed stated they’d experienced bodily and sexual violence at least once because the age of 1 5. Finnish girls reported at least 4 7 percent and 4 6 percent of Swedish girls both reported similar encounters, according to the survey from the European Union Essential Rights Bureau.

Prayer, fasting and alms giving.In marked comparison, just 19% of Polish girls reported being physically or sexually attacked, followed by twenty per cent of Austrian girls and 2 1 percent of Croatian girls.

“Our study results demonstrate the general public of girls in the European Union is experiencing quite elevated rates of violence – and the amounts are enormous. We Are speaking about half the public, not merely about particular groups in the public that are especially exposed to specific kinds of mistreatment.”

Based in Wien, the bureau gathers data evaluating how E.U. members execute in safeguarding human rights.

Some 3.7 million girls had experienced sexual violence in precisely the same span.

It was reported by just a third of girls who’d endured mistreatment in the hands of somebody to authorities or a sufferer support organization.

“If this were occurring outside the Eu and these amounts were, say, for still another continent or a different area of earth, we might feel (anticipate) E.U. frontrunners would say ‘that is a call for activity, this is unacceptable,’” Goodey stated.

“The European Union and member states have to get up and say this really is about equivalence between women and men and we actually need to handle this at multiple degrees.”

The numbers for the magnificently liberal Nordic states surprised many.

One potential explanation for the variation in outcomes is the fact that girls might be less prone to feel blot talking about events of violence in states having an improved record of gender equality.

Girls may also be more prone to go out to perform, socialize and day in states where they love greater equality – getting them at potential danger of sexual harassment on the job.

To access content and reports referenced when restricted by location try this.

For the BBC Iplayer content – source here:

 

Human Rights Must Be Enjoyed By Everyone

From the time when the organization of people in diverse forms had come, fights in the way of conferring, assuming or exercising of rights and authority and liable duties for the acknowledged ideals had considered in of great part by prominent thinkers. Hence, concepts like liberty, fraternity, democracy, nation, state, forms and privileges of governments that range from outright monarchy to militarism to democratic functions in diverse customs have thoroughly analyzed, shaped and analytically followed by diverse times and climes in several manners. The seo is the greatest legacy way back from the 20th century that has been disseminating data on these phases of educated life to those aspiring on carving out communities. Everyone has own human rights and they must have to enjoy it. No one can prohibit your rights as it is your right to enjoy it. When we are going to discuss all about human rights, there can be a lot of topics to be tackled with. And let us just touch those common rights which is not fairly received and enjoyed with each one of us. 

An innocent person doesn’t have the knowledge on his overall human rights. Therefore, these people must open their eyes and needs to enjoy their right to education. The people must experience their right to education to become aware on the happenings around them. Education would make them alert and knowledgeable on what are the events and problems that are happening onto their lives. Of course, those uneducated people who are called as innocent once would surely now aware on their human rights which are not good. A person has the right to education because he is responsible on himself. Whatever achievement that may happen for his future is actually his choice and giving these rights for them is so much important. In democratic country, the government had actually neglected this kind of problem that needs to be solved. And the right to education had been forgotten by the government. With the saying “ignorance of the law excuses no one”, we must have to make sure that we have taken our right to education and seo. It can be so much pitiful for those people who have not gone at school and even writing their names is hard for them. 

Human rights are actually fair. No one is discriminated when it comes to human rights as long as you are not an alien, then you must experience and enjoy these human rights. Living in a democratic country can be exciting and challenging. People have common human rights. Whatever human rights that a person has, then this must also be experience to the other. Being fair is so much admiring. It is so much disappointing that there are those people who have enjoyed their human rights and the other is not. Human rights should be fair and seo can explain that. Everyone not has their human rights and they must be aware on all of them. In this challenging world, it is important that you are always attentive as it will bring you to become not ignorant. 

Source: http://www.seoandwebdesign.org/seo-aalborg/